The U.S. Department of Defense
"The majority foreign ownership will impact certain of our existing contracts specifically those with the Department of Defense. Altair will complete our current responsibilities under those contracts by year end and will not engage in further such contracts." - CEO Terry Copeland, Sept 20, 2010 Conference Call
"Altairnano’s advanced lithiumion battery systems are designed to meet specific power and energy requirements for a broad range of military applications, including weapons systems, combat vehicles, ships, data centers, and military micro-grid applications." - Fact Sheet
February 9, 2009 - Defense Advanced Battery Manufacturing Coalition announced: "SCRA, a global leader in applied research and commercialization services, announces the formation of a coalition to provide the U.S. military with high quality, domestically produced, advanced battery components. Comprised of the nation’s leading suppliers of advanced batteries and battery systems, including Delphi Corporation, Quallion, Yardney Technical Products, SAFT Batteries, International Battery, Altairnano, Lithium Technology, Eagle Picher and Mobius Power, the Defense Advanced Battery Manufacturing Coalition (DABMC) expects to significantly increase the number of U.S. engineering and manufacturing jobs over the next two years."
The Coalition Website
The U.S. Army
Press Release: 04-Oct-2007 - ALTAIR NANOTECHNOLOGIES OBTAINS CONGRESSIONAL SUPPORT FOR ONGOING RESEARCH
"... the development of nanosensors that can detect explosive materials and chemical warfare agents that might threaten soldiers in combat, with more accuracy and reliability." - From the above press release. Congress is providing funding for this project in the amount of $2m. one proposed use of these nanosensors is for the detection of roadside improvised explosive devices. These are the number one killers of Americans and Canadians in Afghanistan.
According to Terry Copeland at Altiarnano's Q1 2009 Conference call a $1.8M contract was expected to be signed in June of 2009 with delivery anticipated later in the year. This has become held up by congress.
2008 ALTAIRNANO TO DEVELOP REVOLUTIONARY BATTERY FOR THE U.S. ARMY -
An announcement that ALTI has signed a $350,000 contract through the U.S.
Army's Picatinny Arsenal in New Jersey to deliver prototype batteries for use in
the Army's M119 105mm lightweight gun digitization program.
The M119 105mm lightweight gun
"Under the contract Altairnano will deliver its prototype batteries (about the size of a motorcycle battery) this fall. Testing will extend into early 2009 with expected acceptance and approval by the US Army to follow." - Green Car Congress
Only battery that can operate in both the cold mountains of Afghanistan and the extreme heat of the Iraqi deserts
It is estimated that there are quantity 850, 105mm guns in operation today
Not the only artillery piece that needs a battery for a targeting program
- from the Annual General Meeting Presentation, June 4, 2009
the successful design of these batteries, it is likely the Army will want to
move to test our battery systems on the 150 mm howitzer platform.
The Marine Corps has also expressed similar interests.
Terry Copeland, Altair Nanotechnologies Q2 08 Conference Call
" - Terry Copeland, Altair Nanotechnologies Q2 08 Conference CallNote: There don't appear to be anything other than historic references to a 150 mm howitzer platform online. BAE Systems, however, is currently manufacturing the M777 155 mm howitzer which uses the battery-operated Digital Gun Management System (DGMS).
Further orders for this battery have been held up by congress.
"The 24-volt/22 amp hour battery sports an integrated battery
management system (BMS), and is for weapons, military vehicles, portable power,
and backup power applications." - Military
& Aerospace Electronics
The U.S. Navy
Q2 2010 10-K: "Our $3.8 million ONR II contract is running about three months behind due to the cell quality issue described in the above paragraph. We generated another $983,000 of revenue on this contract during the quarter ending June 30, 2010 and anticipate earning the $1 million balance during the third quarter of 2010."
The Feb. 20, 08 presentation at the Piper Jaffray Clean Technology and Renewables Conference states that an Altairnano power supply will replace a continuously running backup generator on 2 classes of Naval vessels. Each of these backup generators cost between 2 and 4 million dollars to operate and 2 and 4 million dollars to maintain every year. Each 2.5 megawatt unit, (about 625kwh) at $2/wh, is valued at $1.25 million. Altairnano will initially be delivering 2 prototypes that will be tested, one in the Atlantic and one in the Pacific. Successful trial will lead to a significant commercial opportunity thereafter.
One of the 2 classes of Naval vessels, mentioned above, is the Arleigh Burke class. "Office of Naval Research now works with Altairnano for the production and deployment of an Altairnano lithium-titanate battery system for possible use in the Arleigh Burke and other missile-class destroyers." - Terry Copeland 2/5/2009
"The U.S. Navy expects to retire and replace its current class of (52 Arleigh Burke) frigates by 2020" Three are currently under construction with seven more planned. - Wikipedia
"Inputs were solicited from key suppliers including A123, Altairnano, SAFT and Yardney,..." - Advanced Shipboard Energy Storage System
“Further testing leading to TRL 9 is envisioned at NSWC-CD Philadelphia at the DDG 51 Land Based Engineering Site (LBES), and eventual at sea testing in a DDG 51 Class ship. The time frame for this additional testing could be FY-11 thru 13 to validate system performance and potential fuel savings. Should this system be included in back-fit/forward fit of the DDG 51 Class, production hardware could be available in FY-14. In parallel ONR development of Li-ion battery systems and NAVSEA approval is necessary to reap the full benefits of this power conversion technology.” - Advanced Shipboard Energy Storage System
development of this Energy Storage Module (ESM) system was targeted to the DDG
51 Class as a fuel efficiency improvement, the technology has wider
applicability to other ship classes for energy storage (UPS) needs, energy
efficiency improvements, and as an enabler for the NGIPS
architecture and future weapons and sensor systems.” -
Shipboard Energy Storage System
The May 22nd 2009 FORM 8-K includes mention of delivering twenty-six 3.5ah power cells to the Navy. Two military applications were mentioned at the Lithium Mobile Power conference: Aircraft starter engines and pulsed energy weaponry.
"The Arleigh Burke Class destroyers are equipped with the Aegis
combat system which integrates the ship's sensors and weapons systems to
engage anti-ship missile threats." Source
"Aegis, which means shield (of Zeus), is the Navy’s latest surface combat system. Aegis was designed and developed as a complete system, capable of engaging in simultaneous warfare on several fronts -- air, surface, subsurface, and strike. Anti-Air Warfare elements include the Radar System AN/SPY-1B/D, Command and Decision System (CDS), and Weapons Control System. (WCS)" Source 2
"The CDS receives data from ship and external sensors via satellite communications and provides command, control and threat assessment. The WCS receives engagement instruction from the CDS, selects weapons and interfaces with the weapon fire control systems." Source 1
Could the Aegis system benefit from an independent redundant auxiliary power system?
The AN/SPY-1B/D radar system is currently high power at 4Mw. Could it benefit from occasional higher power? Could low frequency subsurface detection benefit from occasional high power?
The Arleigh Burke Aegis system currently combats missiles with missiles.
"In military applications the pulse power applications are exceptional. It will give you 30 second pulse power runs versus what the industry normally recognizes as 10 second runs." - Jeff Yambrick, Lithium Mobile Power Conference 2008 Source 3
Altair Nanotechnologies is also an "interested vendor" on a Wet Shallow Water Combat Submersible.
"With respect to the military we’re pursuing a number of different paths,
not only with the
The U.S. Air Force
Few specifics have been provided regarding the Air Force vehicle development program since its original mention:
1. "On a separate note UQM technologies and
Altairnano have initiated a second separate program for the development of an
all-electric vehicle for the US Military funded by the US Air Force.
" - Dr. Alan Gotcher, Q2
2007 conference call
" - Dr. Alan Gotcher, Q2 2007 conference call
2. On page 12 of the slide show that accompanies the Pacific Growth Conference webcast of 07-Oct-2007 'fleet vehicles' are listed in addition to 'military vehicles'.
"Aircraft Starter" is one of the uses cited for ALTI's new 3.5Ah power cell along with "Weapons Pulse Power, HEV, and Communications".
1. Advanced nano-Lithium Titanate Based Batteries for Military Application
2. Overview of NSWC-Carderock Electrochemical Power Source R&D Programs
An Integrated Electric Power System: the NEXT STEP
BAE Systems Other Power Partners
Altairnano Resource Portal